FERTILIZER

All fertilizers list three numbers on their label, which represent the percentage of nutrients available in the product.  The sequence shown is: (N-nitrogen)-(P-phosphorus)-(K-potassium), or (N-P-K).

Nitrogen is essential to vegetative growth and general plant health.  It is particularly important to green, leafy crops such as lettuce, spinach and herbs.  Care should be taken around plants such as tomatoes and peppers, where excess nitrogen will promote leaf growth at the expense of fruit production.  Synthetic sources of nitrogen flood the plants with a single nutrient, at the expense of others, tend to force soft, fleshy, pest-prone growth and also burn the soil microbes that are responsible for decomposition, nutrient release and disease suppression.  On the other hand, organic sources of nitrogen are bound in complex molecules along with other essential macro and micronutrients, and are made available to the plant through their steady breakdown by the soil’ s microbial life.   As the nutrients are released, they are either taken up by the plant roots, or bound by organic matter and held until needed by the plant.  Thus in an organic system, relatively few nutrients are lost to leaching and are more readily available to plant roots over a longer period of time.

Phosphorus is used by plants for growth, cell division, root growth, flower and fruit set and for disease resistance.  Signs of deficiency are reddening of the stems, leaf veins and leaves.  The presence of organic matter in the soil is very important to phosphorus release, particularly in heavy soils where phosphorus can be tightly bound.  Most organic sources of phosphorus also contain large amounts of calcium, which is necessary in cell development and for seed and fruit set.

Potassium is the major nutritional element necessary for strong root development, sugar production and disease resistance. Soils that contain deficient levels of potassium generally produce stunted, weak plants that show symptoms that one might expect from plants that have a compromised root systems.   Many of our heavy, clay soils in the area have adequate potassium content, but the available potassium may be bound up in the soil molecules.   By adding organic matter to the soil, and increasing the microbial activity it is possible to free up the held potassium.

In addition to the big three, N,P and K, there are also the trace elements.  These are minor mineral nutrients that are needed in extremely small, or “trace” amounts.   The importance of these elements can be seen by the fact that while trace elements may constitute a very small percentage of the soil composition, they are often the ingredients that determine the overall health and vigor of growing plants.  These are the building blocks of plant life, their availability and presence enhances cell formation, chlorophyll production, photosynthesis, and provides plants with the raw materials that are needed for making amino acids and enzymes.   By replenishing these important elements in your garden every year or sower, you will greatly improve both the quality and the quantity of your vegetable, fruit and flower yields.

pH is the measure of acid reaction as expressed as ‘power Hydrogen’ (pH), with 7 being neutral, the lower numbers being acidic (or ‘sour’) and the higher numbers being alkaline (or ‘sweet’).  The pH of your soil is important, as it determines how available the mix of nutrients will be.  The optimal range for growing is between 6 and 7, this is the zone in which the majority of essential plant nutrients are the most readily available.  Soil sulfur, at 1-2 pounds per 100 sq ft, will lower the pH of your soil, making it more acidic.  Fertilizing plants with cottonseed meal will also lower the pH.  Liming agents will raise the pH, at 5-10 pounds per 100 sq ft.  Liming agents include oyster shell, dolomite lime, colloidial phosphates and bone meal.


ALFALFA MEAL

(2-0-3) Alfalfa meal is the material that is produced when you mill or grind up alfalfa.  The resulting green powder is typically thought of and used as a livestock feed, however, to the organically minded gardener, it is also a valuable resource to be added into the soil.  This meal is rich in carbohydrates and proteins, which provide the building blocks for new cell growth and act as a bio-stimulant, by feeding and encouraging the microbial life in your soil.  Alfalfa also contains micro-nutrients and triacontanol, an important plant growth regulator.  Alfalfa meal becomes available to plants as a fertilizer only once it has been consumed and pooped out by the microbial life in your soil.  As such, it is necessary to work this meal into the top few inches of soil under the drip line of the plant that are feeding, this lets the soil life attack and eat the incorporated meal from all sides.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 3 cups per plant 3-4 times a year.  Garden beds: 10 pounds per 100 sq ft when prepping, and 3-4 pounds as a mid season feeding.  Fruiting and ornamental trees: 1 pound per inch of trunk diameter, 2 times a year.   Work the alfalfa meal into the top 2-3 inches of soil under the drip line of your trees, and then water in.  Available in 50 pound bags.

AZOMITE

(0-0-0.2) Azomite is a unique, water soluble, rock mineral that is mined from a volcanic deposit in Utah.  Azomite contains over 70 different nutrients, including the 19 that are essential to plant and animal growth.   When you use this material, you are adding back into the soil, the full spectrum of minerals and nutrients that may have been used up by the plants that have been growing in your garden or landscape.   Azomite is great to use when you want to bring back and restore a tired and yellowing container plant, rejuvenate the soil in depleted garden beds, and feed and maintain your fruit trees.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 1-2 cups per plant 2-3 times a year.  Garden beds: 5-7 pounds worked into each 100 sq ft of bed space at the time of preparation.  Fruiting and ornamental trees:  1 pound per inch of trunk diameter, broadcast under the drip line and then watered in.   Soak 1 Tablespoon per gallon of water and use as a soil drench.  Available in 44 pound bags.

AZOMITE SOIL SWEETENER FOR TREES

(0-0-0.2) This is a new product that is a combination of the original Azomite and natural, high quality calcium.  The azomite works to replenish the soil nutrients that have been removed through plant uptake and normal water erosion, while the calcium has the effect of neutralizing soil acidity and bringing the pH level of your soil back into a range where nutrients are absorbed and used at a more optimum level by your plants.  This blend is in a granulated form for easy spreading.

Application rates: Mix in 1-2 cups around established perennials.  Feed trees 1 pound for every inch of trunk diameter.  Add to garden beds at the rate of 1 pound per 20 sq ft.  Feed lawns 1 pound per 50 sq ft.  Available in 44#  bags.

BAT GUANO

(10-3-1) Bat guano is the high nitrogen shit of the bat.  Typically mined from the floors of caves and other areas that make up the habitat of the bat, this guano is rich in organic matter and is a ready, water soluble source of nitrogen, as well as some of the trace minerals.  Most perennial and annual plants, including vegetables, may be fed a dose of bat guano in the spring, in order to stimulate vegetative growth.  With the onset of flowering, stop using bat guano and other fertilizers that are high in nitrogen, instead, switch to a fertilizer that is high in phosphorous in order to boost flower and fruit production. See the shit of the seabird.

Application rates: Annuals and vegetables:  Apply and work in, 4-6 pounds of guano for every 100 sq ft of garden bed while you are preparing for planting.  Containers: 1 tablespoon, for every 4” of pot diameter, 2-3 times per year.  Perennial shrubs and trees:  1/4 cup of guano per inch of stem/trunk diameter, 2-3 times per year.  Tea: 1-2 tablespoons guano per gallon of water.  Place guano in a sock or rag, in order to strain out any insolubles, and soak overnight.  Water into plants a little at a time.  Available in 25 pound bags.

BAT GUANO HIGH IN PHOSPHOROUS

(3-10-1) Here is a new product that we are carrying at Island Seed & Feed.  This is a bat guano that is high in soluable phosphorous which makes it ideal to use on those plants that you really want to push into blooming and then have produce plentiful, strong flowers.  Like bat guano that is high in nitrogen, this type of bat guano is loaded with trace minerals and provides a strong dose of what your plants will need to grow.  When your vegetables, flowers or shrubs show signs of going into their blooming mode, cut back on the use of nitrogen fertilizers and switch over to feeding with a material such as this.  The small percentage of nitrogen that is in this guano will not hinder the blooming process, actually it should be quite beneficial to your garden plants as it will be giving them a maintenance dose of nitrogen that will keep the plants green and healthy.

Application rates: When building a garden bed, mix in 3-4 pounds per 100 sq ft. When transplanting vegetables, mix 1-2 tablespoonss of guano into the planting hole.  For individual container plants, mix in 1-2 tablespoons per 8” of pot diameter.  You can also create a guano tea by filling a sock with 2 cups of guano and then soaking the sock in a 5 gallon bucket of water for overnight.  In the morning, stir the mixture, wring out the sock, and hand water the brew around yer bloomin’ plants.  You can empty the contents of the sock under a fruit tree and then water it in. Available in 25# bags.

BLOOD MEAL

(13-0-0) This is a feed grade blood meal, that is a by-product of the livestock slaughtering industry.   As a result, it is a somewhat suspect product, and we cannot guarantee anything about its integrity.  What we can say is that blood meal is a strong source of quick hitting nitrogen and also delivers a good dose of trace minerals, including iron.  Care should be taken to follow application rates and to not over apply this material, you can easily “burn” tender plants and new growth.  When using, work deeply into the soil around your plants and then water in.   Blood meal is also used as an activator for compost piles.  The hot nature of the nitrogen in this meal can quickly heat up a compost pile and lead to faster decomposition.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs:1/2 cup per foot of branch spread.  Garden beds: 4-6 pounds per 100 sq ft when prepping the beds.  Fruiting and ornamental trees: 1 pound per inch of trunk diameter, 2 times a year.   Work the blood meal into the top 2-3 inches of soil under the drip line of your trees, leaving a two foot collar around the trunk, and then water in.  Available in 50 pound bags.

BONE MEAL

(2.5-12-0) 20%Ca   Bone meal is an excellent source of slow release phosphorous and is traditionally used when planting bulbs.  The high level of calcium can really help tomatoes and fruiting trees with fruit set and by fortifying plants against blossom end rots. Add 1-2 lbs into the bottom of the hole when planting trees, this will aid root development and give a vital source of minerals to the tree while it is establishing itself.  Bone meal contains moderate liming properties and can be used to raise the pH of acidic soils.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 1 cup per foot of branch spread, 1-2 times per year.  Garden beds:  4 pounds per 100 sq ft of bed space, when prepping.         Fruiting and ornamental trees: 2 pounds into the bottom of the hole when planting, and 1 pound per inch of trunk diameter every spring.   Work the bone meal into the top 2-3 inches of soil under the drip line of your trees, and then water in.  Available in 40 pound bags.

CORN WEED BLOCKER

(9-1-0) Also called corn gluten meal, this is a product that works by allowing any seeds that are present in the soil to germinate and grow their initial set of leaves.  Corn weed blocker then gums up the feeder roots so that the seedlings cannot take up nutrients and water, in essence, they starve to death.  Corn weed blocker works great on annual weeds such as crabgrass, dandelions, and purslane, but will do nothing but feed weeds that grow rhizomally such as Bermuda grass, nut grass and oxalis.   This product is effective when scattered over a bare field or garden patch that is being farmed for the first time, or strewn over a lawn in early spring, to inhibit summer weeds.  Once applied, water deeply, enough to dissolve the granules and soak them in, then allow the top 3” of soil to dry out, before watering again.  The corn gluten is present and active in the soil for up to six weeks and will stop the germination and growth of any desired seeds during this window.

Application rate: 20 pounds per 1000 sq ft.  Available in 50 pound bags.

COTTONSEED MEAL

(6-2-1) Cottonseed meal is an end product of the process by which oil is extracted from cotton seeds.  While cotton is the most heavily sprayed agricultural crop in the world, virtually none of the chemical residues are present in this here material.   What this is, is a relatively high nitrogen, acid fertilizer that has a slow nutrient release rate and continues to feed the soil for up to 4 months.  Cotton seed meal has a wide range of applications from lawns to fruit trees, however, where it shines brightest is in feeding your acid loving plants like, azaleas, gardenias, roses and berries.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 2 cups per plant 2-3 times a year.  Containers: Use 1/4 cup per 6” of pot diameter. Garden beds: 7 pounds per 100 sq ft when prepping, and 3-4 pounds as a mid season feeding.  Fruiting and ornamental trees: 1 pound per inch of trunk diameter, 2 times a year.   Work the cottonseed meal into the top 2-3 inches of soil under the drip line of your trees, and then water in.  Available in 50 pound bags.

DOLOMITE LIME

Dolomite lime, or calcium magnesium carbonate, is an excellent pH stabilizer for garden soil.  When added to your acidic garden soil, pH is guaranteed to increase, and the soil will “sweeten” as a result. Dolomite lime is also a good source of calcium and magnesium, two important plant nutrients. Plants use calcium to build up strong cell walls and magnesium is essential in the production of chlorophyll, which makes plants green.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 1/2 – 1 cup per plant 1-2 times a year.  Garden beds: 2-10 pounds per 100 sq ft, worked in when prepping, amount depending on the soil pH.   Fruiting and ornamental trees: 1/2 pound per inch of trunk diameter, 2 times a year.   Work the dolomite lime into the top 1-2 inches of soil under the drip line of your trees, and then water in.  Available in 25 pound bags.

FEATHER MEAL

(13-0-0) Feather meal is the dried and ground leftovers from the poultry processing industry.  This means that this product can and most likely does contain feathers, beaks, bones, blood and any unusable meat that remains after butchering.  These remains are steamed for sanitation purposes and then ground into a powder that makes a fantastic nitrogen fertilizer.  While the nitrogen component of feather meal is fairly high for an organic fertilizer, the nitrogen is released slowly into the soil as the material is broken down and decomposed by the soil microbes.  This slow release characteristic of feather meal makes it ideal for vegetables, flowers or crops that have a long growing season, or extended nitrogen requirements.

Application rates: We recommend working feather meal into the soil when you are building garden beds at the rate of 5 pounds per 100 sq ft or 1-2 tablespoon per individual plant.  When feeding trees and shrubs, apply 1/2 cup of feather meal for every 1/2” of trunk diameter.  Available in 50 pound bags.

FISH MEAL

(10-4-2) Fish meal is the ground up remains from fish processing facilities.  The resulting material is an excellent, general-purpose, organic fertilizer that contains a rich supply of all the major elements, and the trace minerals too.   In this powdered form, fish meal is slow to break down, and will remain active in your soil for 6-8 months.   Plants respond very well after being fed with fish meal, and will typically ‘green up’ quickly, and experience a flush of growth.   This product is very clean, with no pesticide or heavy metal residue.   One word of caution would be that, fish meal has a distinct odor that can be attractive to dogs, and as a result, some dogs have been known to tear through bags to get at this stuff.  However, don’t worry, there is no health risk to your pet, just a mess to clean up.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 1 cup per foot of branch spread, 2-3 times a year.  Garden beds: 4-6 pounds per 100 sq ft when prepping, and 3-4 pounds as a mid season feeding, worked in around the individual plants.  Fruiting and ornamental trees: 1 pound per inch of trunk diameter, 2 times a year.   Work the fish meal into the top 1-2 inches of soil, under the drip line of your trees, and then water in.  Available in 50 pound bags.

GREENSAND

(0-0-3) Also called glauconite, New Jersey greensand is a dense, sea bed deposit that is mined from somewhere in New Jersey, I guess.  This mineral is rich in soluble potassium, iron, silica, and magnesia and also has traces of over 30 other elements.   Greensand is used to fertilize lawns and vegetable gardens, can help in the rescue of diseased fruit trees, and is added to compost piles to increase their microbial populations.   By using greensand along with any other organic fertilizer that is high in the N-P-K numbers, you will create an outstanding, complete food for your soil and plants.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 1 cup per mature plant, once a year.  Garden beds and lawns: 5 pounds per 100 sq ft once a year.  Fruiting and ornamental trees: 2-5 pounds per tree, once every other year.   Work the greensand into the top 1-2 inches of soil under the drip line of your trees, and then water in.  Available in 50 pound bags.

GYPSUM

(0-0-0) –21Ca-17S    While not a fertilizer in the traditional sense, gypsum or, calcium sulfate, is more of a soil conditioner, and is an economical and easy way to add readily available calcium and sulfur to your garden.   Most importantly for us here in the southwest, is gypsum’s ability to loosen clay soils and improve water and air penetration into the soil by breaking up the ionic bond between soil molecules.  Also of note is gypsums ability to buffer salts in the soil and the help that it gives in promoting root growth and in maximizing nutrient uptake by those same roots.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 1 cups per plant, once a year.  Garden beds: 10-25 pounds per 100 sq ft.  Fruiting and ornamental trees: 5-10 pounds per tree, once a year.  Work the gypsum into the top 2-3 inches of soil under the drip line of your trees, and then water in.  Available in 50 pound bags.

IRON CHELATE

(0-0-0) 4.5Fe   Iron chelate is an organic substance that holds micronutrients, especially iron, in a form available for easy absorption by plants.   Iron chelate is often used to treat chlorosis, or yellowing of the leaves.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 1-2 Tablespoons per plant.   Garden beds: 2 Tablespoons per 150 sq ft of soil area.  Fruiting and ornamental trees: 6 Tablespoons per inch of trunk diameter, once a year. With all applications, sprinkle the iron chelate evenly over the surface of the soil and then water in, to a depth of 4-6 inches.  Available in a 20 oz tub.

KELP MEAL

(1-0-2) This is a feed grade, low-salt, kelp meal, that is harvested in the cold waters of the North Sea and is one of the richest known sources of trace minerals, plant growth regulators, vitamins, hormones, amino acids, enzymes and chelated nutrients that you can feed to your plants. The combined effect of adding these important plant building blocks to your garden soil, is a strengthening of the cellular structure of your garden plants, to a point where they are able to repel piercing insects such as aphids, leaf hoppers and white flies, and can also build up a resistance to bacterial and fungal infections.  Its form as a meal means that it is slow to break down in the soil and will continue to provide a steady stream of goodness into your garden for up to 6 months.   I use kelp meal as a nutritional compliment to fish and cottonseed meals, in a light food for my orchids, and to rehabilitate sick and diseased plants.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 1 cup per plant, twice a year.  Garden beds: 4 pounds per 100 sq ft when building a new bed, and 2-4 pounds, per 100 sq ft, worked around existing plants, one or two times a year.  Fruiting and ornamental trees: 1 pound per inch of trunk diameter, once a year.   Work the kelp meal into the top 2-3 inches of soil under the drip line of your trees, and then water in.  Available in 50 pound bags.

KELP- MAXICROP

Maxicrop is a highly concentrated, crystalline source of chelated minerals, vitamins, and hormones that are in a balanced form, which is easily absorbed by plants.  Maxicrop is made from cold-water sea kelp that has been through a unique extraction process.   The result is a brown, water-soluble powder, one pound of which, is concentrated from over 200 pounds of kelp.  The benefits of Maxicrop are many and include the following.  With regular foliar applications of Maxicrop, plants can choose the specific minerals that they need to build up and enhance their natural defenses against insects and diseases.   Foliar spraying will also give recent transplants a vital and immediate source of nutrients, thus cutting down on transplant shock.  Kelp provides a degree of frost protection to tender plants by cutting down the amount of water that is stored in the tissue.   By working or watering Maxicrop into the soil, you are giving food to many soil microorganisms, especially the nitrogen-fixing algaes and bacterias.  Full mineral nutrition in the soil allows your plants to develop better and bigger root systems and grow more leaf mass.  Results can be seen, one to two days after application.  The gardener will notice that newly fed plants are darker green and are standing up stronger and straighter.

Soil applications: When watering into the soil, the standard dilution rate is 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon of dry powdered Maxicrop, to one gallon of water.  1-2 pounds of Maxicrop will cover an acre, once.

Foliar applications: Dilute the dry powdered Maxicrop at the rate of 1/4 teaspoon per gallon of water, and then spray onto the leaves, branches and trunks of your plants.   Spray the leaves until there is a slight run-off, whatever falls off will feed the soil microbes, and enhance their gig.   For best results, spray at sunrise, before the day heats up, the next best time is at two or three pm.  The most important thing is just not to spray during the heat of the day, or you risk burning the leaves of your plants.  Available in 1/4, 1/2 and one pound bags.

LANDSCAPE MIX

(3.75-1.5-1.75) This is our very own, specially blended, mix of alfalfa, soybean, kelp, fish and feather meals and has come to be known by a variety of names including, The Dan Bifano Cocktail, “your rose food”, Karl’s Mix, or “that green stuff in the white paper sack”, around the store, we simply call it Landscape Mix.  Originally designed as an organic soil food for growing roses, we now recommend landscape mix for all gardening and landscape applications, except when feeding your lawn. When using this material it is essential that you get down and actually work it into the top 2-3 inches of soil.  In its present form, it is not recognized by your plants as a food.  The microbial creatures in your soil must first eat, digest and then poop out the material before it is in a form that is available to plants.   As a result, the benefits of using this, or any other meal type fertilizer, are not seen over night, instead the nutrients come on slowly, usually over a 2-3 week period, and then remain active in the soil for 3-4 months.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 3 cups per plant 2-3 times a year.  Garden beds: Up to 10 pounds per 100 sq ft when prepping, and 3-4 pounds as a mid season feeding.  Fruiting and ornamental trees: 1 pound per inch of trunk diameter, 2 times a year.   Work the landscape mix into the top 2 inches of soil under the drip line of your trees, and then water in.  Available in 50 pound bags.

MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI

These are soil-living fungi that have established symbiotic relationships with over 95% of the earth’s plant species.   They attach themselves onto a plants roots and assist their host with water and mineral uptake, in return the plant provides the fungi with sugars and carbon, which are otherwise hard for this class of fungi to come by.  In healthy soils with an active microbial population, mycorrhizal fungi can effectively double the root capacity of a plant, and thus greatly enhance a plants ability to feed itself and defend against calamity.   To you and I, and our naked eyes, mycoohizal fungi appear as fine hairs, and can make healthy roots appear to be fuzzy.   The products that we sell are meant to be used as inoculants for your soil.   Typically mycorrhizal fungi are added to the soil when you are planting new trees, revitalizing a depleted bed, or trying to save a sick plant.   We do not recommend wasting your money on these products if you are using inorganic or chemical fertilizers because the fungi are delicate and will be killed or burned by these applications.

Application rates: When planting roses and small perennial shrubs, add 2 tablespoons of mycorrhizae into the soil as you are filling it back in.   For trees, add 6-8 tablespoons into the soil as you are filling the hole back in.  To use as a soil drench, dilute 1-2 Tablespoons per gallon of water, and then water in.  Available in 8 and 12 oz bottles.

Q.R.  COMPOST ACTIVATOR

Quick Return, organic compost activator, is a powder that is made of herbs, seaweed and honey.  When added to your compost pile and then liberally watered in, Q.R. will provide a stimulating catalyst that allows for a proliferation of microbes, that in turn, will speed up the digestion and assimilation of the contents of your compost pile into a finished and well balanced material that will be a great compost to then feed into your garden.  When using Q.R., compost piles tend to retain a higher percentage of nitrogen and other plant nutrients throughout the breakdown process and into the finished product. This pays off down the road, in the form of stronger plants, with increased yields, as well as a much healthier garden soil.

Application: The contents of each 2 gram package are enough for one large compost pile.

SEABIRD GUANO

(1-10-0) Mined from under the butts of sea birds, this product is the most rapidly available, organic source of phosphorus known to plants.  With its high humus content and wealth of micronutrients, seabird guano makes an excellent soil builder, and has been found to greatly stimulate beneficial soil life, aid in nitrogen fixation and help plants fight off diseases.  In the middle of the growing season, when plants are just starting to show signs of budding, diluting seabird guano into a tea and watering into the soil around plants will dramatically increase both the amount and size of blooms.  For more immediate results, you can steep, filter and then foliarly spray onto your plants.  My tomato growing friend Wayne, throws a handful of seabird guano under each tomato as he is planting to aid in flower production and with the fruit set.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 1/2 cup per plant, 1-2 times, during the blooming season.  Garden beds: 4-6 pounds per 100 sq ft, as a mid-season feeding.  Fruiting trees: 4-6 cups per tree, right when the buds are beginning to form..   Work the sea bird guano into the top 2-3 inches of soil under the drip line of your trees, and then water in.  Available in 25 and 50 pound bags.

SOFT ROCK PHOSPHATE

(0-2-0)-16 Ca   Also called colloidal phosphate, this is a great source of phosphorous and calcium and is both quick acting and long lasting in the soil.   Our product is made up of the bony structures of prehistoric marine sea creatures, and is mined in Florida, from the best deposit in the country.  This soft rock phosphate averages 16% P2O5 (2% readily available), 16% calcium, 2.7% iron, 21% silica and contains good amounts of at least 14 trace minerals.  Use by working into the root zones of either annual or perennial plants.  This will help promote bloom production and disease resistance and by balancing acidic soils.  Soft rock phosphate is most commonly mixed into the soil when creating a new garden bed or planting a new tree, supplies of phosphorus and calcium are available for up to five years after application, depending on the crop.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 1 cup per mature plant, once a year.  Garden beds: 5-10 pounds per 100 sq ft when building, and then  3-4 pounds every other year, as a replenisher.  Fruiting trees: 1 pound per inch of trunk diameter, every two years.   Work the soft rock phosphate into the top 2-3 inches of soil under the drip line of your trees, and then water in.  Available in 25 pound bags.

SOYBEAN MEAL

(6-2-2) This is a by-product of the process by which soybean oil is made. The resulting powder, or meal is an excellent, all purpose organic fertilizer for your fruit trees, vegetable garden beds and perennial ornamentals.  Soybean meal has a similar nutritional composition to that of cottonseed meal, but has a neutral pH.   Soybean meal, along with alfalfa, kelp and cottonseed meals are the primary components of vegan based fertilizers.   This material needs to be worked into the top 2-3 inches of the soil in order for it to become available to the soil microbes, who in turn, eat the stuff, and then poop it out, in a form that is available to plants as a food and nutritional source.

Application rates: Roses and perennial shrubs: 2 cups per plant, 2-3 times a year.  Garden beds: 5-10 pounds per 100 sq ft when prepping, and 3-4 pounds worked in, as a mid-season feeding.  Fruiting and ornamental trees: 1 pound per inch of trunk diameter, 2 times a year.   Work soybean meal into the top 2-3 inches of soil under the drip line of your trees, and then water in.  Available in 50 pound bags.

EB STONE- NATURE’S GREEN LAWN FOOD

(10-1-4) Currently this is the best all natural, granulated lawn fertilizer that we can find.  The product is easy to apply by either hand or with a fertilizer spreader, quickly works itself down through the grass blades, and once watered in, provides a quick greening effect to your grass patch.  During the warm season when your lawn will want to be fed, we recommend new applications every 6-8 weeks.  One 20# bag will feed 2000 sq ft. We also suggest using this product as a general purpose nitrogen fertilizer that you can toss around hard to reach plants, plants that you want to give a quick boost to, or to fire up a stagnant compost pile. Ingredients: Feather meal, blood meal, bone meal and sulfate of potash.  Also contains 1.3% humic acids derived from leonardite. Available in 20# bags.  Call or stop in for pallet prices.

LIQUID FERTILIZERS

Earth Juice Bloom (0-3-1) This is an organic liquid fertilizer that is suitable for hydroponic systems, professional plant production, backyard vegetable gardens and house plants.  This is a blend of bat guano, sea bird guano, sea kelp, natural sulfate of potash, steamed bone meal, oat bran and rock phosphate.  Together, these ingredients work to create an abundant bloom display and a bountiful harvest of vegetables.   Use this product from the time that budding begin, through fruit, flower or vegetable harvest.  To feed your plants, mix 1-4 tablespoons of Earth Juice Bloom with a gallon of water, and then soak in.  The amount you use depends on what you are feeding, the bigger the plant, the stronger the mix. Available in both one quart and one gallon sizes.

Earth Juice Grow (2-1-1) This is a great liquid fertilizer, that is also listed by OMRI for use in organic production.  It is recommended for use in feeding home container plants, gardens, greenhouses and turf.  Can also be used in soil-less and hydroponic systems, for further information on this topic, contact www.earthjuice.com.  This product is derived from bat guano, sea kelp, natural sulfate of potash, feather meal, blood meal, oat bran and steamed oat meal.   Feed plants by diluting between 1-4 tablespoons of concentrate with each gallon of water and the soaking into the soil around your plants.  This formulation is a superb general-purpose fertilizer that may be used through all stages of plant growth, and is especially good for strong vegetative growth.  Available in both one quart and one gallon sizes.

Earth Juice Rooting Concentrate This is a concentrated, all-natural, organic solution that can be used to enhance your rate of success when propagating soft-wood and semi-hard woodcuttings.  To use, add 3 oz (6 tablespoons) of concentrate per gallon of water.  Presoak medium with this solution.  Choose a 3-4” section from the growing tip.  Trim back any leaves near the base, and make a 45 cut.  Immediately place the cut end into a cup of solution or dip into Rootstock Gel.  Carefully insert the cutting into the medium.  Keep the cutting misted, but never sopping wet.  Spray the foliage on your cuttings with a light solution (1T/gal), every 2-3 days, until rooting happens.  Available in one pint size.

EB Stone Fish Emulsion with Kelp (4-1-1) An all natural, organic plant food that combines the macro plant building nutrients found in ocean going fish with the important micro nutrients that are in cold water kelp.  The general dilution rate is 2 tablespoons per gallon of water.   Apply judiciously around azaleas, roses, perennial shrubs, fruit trees,  vegetable gardens and any other plants that need a boost to get through the season.  When using, water plants thoroughly and allow plants to absorb water prior to fertilizer application.  Do not apply fertilizers to dry soils or wilted plants. Available in quart and gallon sizes.

Fish Emulsion (5-1-1) Derived from the slurried waste from a fish rendering facility, this product is a good source of readily available nitrogen and is certified by the people at OMRI as being organic.  Using this product will give plants a quick shot of nitrogen and will cause sad plants to perk up and return to a green, and healthy state.  This material is recommended for feeding a wide range of plants, everything from, annual flowers and vegetables, to perennial roses and shrubs, and even larger trees and lawns.  Even though the container claims that this product has been de-odorized and can be used on indoor plants, we just do not agree.  It is too hard to make a dead fish smell good. Available in pint, quart and gallon sizes.

Fish and Guano (9-6-2) Here is a high octane boost of both nitrogen and phosphorus for use in your flower and vegetable garden and for larger plants and trees.   Derived from blood meal, fish meal, enzymatically digested ocean going fish, potassium sulfate, phosphoric acid and sea bird guano, this blend forms a synergistic matrix that develops a cohesive partnership for vigorous plant growth.  For more information on what that last statement means, contact www.montereylawngarden.com.   May be diluted and applied as a foliar spray or used to drench the soil around your plants.   Feed to your plants every 6 weeks during the growing season.  Available in one quart bottles.

Fox Farm Big Bloom- (0.01-0.3-0.7) A carefully selected blend of 100% organic fertilizers formulated to encourage strong, extra large, multiple blooms, sweeter fruit, and thick seed pods.  The two main ingredients, bat guano and worm castings, offer an environmentally friendly alternative to synthetic chemical fertilizers, Big Bloom, is a potent, fast-acting source of nutrients for plants and soils.  The recommended dilution rate is 4 tablespoons per gallon of water when you are feeding on a regular basis, for feeding larger trees or when you want an added boost, you can up the dosage.  Available in one quart and one gallon sizes.

Fox Farm Grow Big- (6-4-4) Grow Big is a potent, fast acting, liquid concentrate fertilizer.  It is formulated to encourage vigorous vegetative growth.  When used as directed Grow Big will enhance plant size and structure allowing for more abundant fruit, flower and bud development.  Grow Big is suitable for feeding vegetables, flowers, roses, berries, fruit trees, herbs and container plants both indoors and out.  Dilute between 1-3 tablespoons per gallon of water and apply as a soil drench, For foliar applications mix 1/2 to 1 tablespoons of concentrate in a gallon of water and spray onto foliage.  Available in quart and gallon sizes.

Liquid Bonemeal (0-12-0) If you are looking for a quick acting source of phosphorous this product is what you may be after.  Derived exclusively from bone meal, this product is an easy to use concentrate that is ideal for use on all vegetables, bulbs, fruit trees and vines, flowering trees and shrubs and field crops.  With little or no odor, this is a good product to use for indoor house plants and patio gardens as well.  Effectively used as either a soil drench or foliar fertilizer.  Mix 2 tablespoons per gallon of water and apply around the base of plants or around the drip line of trees.   For large applications, use 1/2 to 1 gallon per acre.  When making foliar applications, dilute 2 tablespoons in a gallon of water and spray onto the leaves up to the point when run off begins.  Available in one quart size.

Liquid Calcium Down to Earth Liquid Calcium is a liquid plant food containing 6% calcium which is essential for membrane permeability and for promoting root and cell development and overall plant vigor.  Liquid Calcium is completely soluble for improved nutrient availability and uptake by plant leaves and roots and to aid in preventing and treating plants with blossom end rot and other disorders associated with low soil pH.  Liquid Calcium is not compatible with phosphate and sulfate fertilizers.  It can be used, however, to leach sodium from soils and to correct salty irrigation water.  For plants and grass, use 4 tablespoons per gallon of water or 1-2 quarts per acre, to use on trees and vines, apply 6 oz in 4 gallons of water after fruit set and repeat at 2 week intervals throughout the season.  Available in one quart size.

Neptune’s Harvest (2-3-1) This is an all-purpose liquid fertilizer that is made from hydrolyzed fish and seaweed.  For house plants, use 1 tablespoon per gallon of water, every 2-3 weeks.  When feeding vegetables, flowers, trees and shrubs, mix 2-3 tablespoons per gallon of water and apply every 2-3 weeks during the growing season. This product can also be used to enhance seed germination.   Prior to planting, soak seeds overnight in a mix of one teaspoon per cup of water.  Available in a one quart size.